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Control and Optimization of Road Goods Transportation

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Abstract:
Goods transportation is of outmost importance for our society and is increasing dramatically as the world develops. Already today, goods transportation accounts for about 23% of CO2 emissions from all fossil fuel combustion and 15% of all greenhouse gas emissions, according to a recent study by the International Transport Forum. Despite the influence the transportation system has on our energy consumption and the environment, goods transportation today is mainly done by individual long haulage trucks with no real-time coordination. In this presentation, we will discuss how modern information and communication technology can support a future goods transportation system where fleet of trucks are coordinated to travel together in vehicle platoons. From the reduced air drag, tests have shown that individual platooning trucks traveling close together can save about 10% of their fuel consumption. Control and estimation challenges on various level of this transportation system will be presented. It will be argued that a system architecture utilizing vehicle-to-vehicle and vehicle-to-infrastructure communication enable receding horizon optimal control of individual trucks as well as platoons and fleets of platoons. Experiments done on test trucks will illustrate system performance and safety requirements. Some preliminary results from a large-scale evaluation currently being performed on the highway road network in Northern Europe will also be discussed. The presentation will be based on joint work with collaborators at KTH and at Scania, a Swedish truck manufacturer.

Type of Seminar:
IfA Seminar
Speaker:
Prof. Karl Henrik Johansson
KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm
Date/Time:
Jan 23, 2014   4:15 pm
Location:

ETZ E 6, Gloriastrasse 35
Contact Person:

Prof. John Lygeros
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Biographical Sketch:
Karl Henrik Johansson is Director of the KTH ACCESS Linnaeus Centre and Professor at the School of Electrical Engineering, Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden. He is a Wallenberg Scholar and has held a six-year Senior Researcher Position with the Swedish Research Council. He is Director of the Stockholm Strategic Research Area ICT The Next Generation. He received MSc and PhD degrees in Electrical Engineering from Lund University. He has held visiting positions at UC Berkeley (1998-2000) and California Institute of Technology (2006-2007). His research interests are in networked control systems, hybrid and embedded system, and applications in transportation, energy, and automation systems. He has been a member of the IEEE Control Systems Society Board of Governors and the Chair of the IFAC Technical Committee on Networked Systems. He has been on the Editorial Boards of several journals, including Automatica, IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control, and IET Control Theory and Applications. He is currently on the Editorial Board of IEEE Transactions on Control of Network Systems and the European Journal of Control. He has been Guest Editor for special issues, including the one on "Wireless Sensor and Actuator Networks" of IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control 2011 and a current one on "Control of Cyber-Physical Systems" of the same journal. He was the General Chair of the ACM/IEEE Cyber-Physical Systems Week 2010 in Stockholm and IPC Chair of many conferences. He has served on the Executive Committees of several European research projects in the area of networked embedded systems. In 2009, he received the Best Paper Award of the IEEE International Conference on Mobile Ad-hoc and Sensor Systems. In 2009, he was also awarded Wallenberg Scholar, as one of the first ten scholars from all sciences, by the Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation. He was awarded an Individual Grant for the Advancement of Research Leaders from the Swedish Foundation for Strategic Research in 2005. He received the triennial Young Author Prize from IFAC in 1996 and the Peccei Award from the International Institute of System Analysis, Austria, in 1993. He received Young Researcher Awards from Scania in 1996 and from Ericsson in 1998 and 1999. He is a Fellow of the IEEE.