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Control of Resonant Acoustic Sound Fields by Electrical Shunting of a Loudspeaker

Author(s):

A. Fleming, D. Niederberger, S.O.R. Moheimani, M. Morari
Conference/Journal:

IEEE Transactions on Control Systems Technology, vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 689-703
Abstract:

Low-frequency reverberant sound fields are usually suppressed by means of either adaptive feedforward control or Helmholtz resonator. Feedforward systems utilize a noise reference signal, error microphone, and loudspeaker to cancel sound propagating in one direction. Due to the requirement for multiple transducers and a powerful digital signal processor, feedforward systems are the most complex and expensive option for acoustic noise reduction. Helmholtz resonators, comprising auxiliary coupled acoustic chambers, are a popular passive technique for the control of dominant acoustic modes. Although lightly damped acoustic modes can be heavily attenuated, the resonators are difficult to tune and require impractically large cavity volumes at frequencies below 200 Hz. This paper introduces a new technique for the control of low-frequency reverberant sound fields. By connecting an electrical impedance to the terminals of an acoustic loudspeaker, the mechanical dynamics, and hence, acoustic response can be made to emulate a sealed acoustic resonator. No microphone or velocity measurement is required. In some cases, the required electrical circuit is simply the parallel connection of a capacitor and resistor. With the addition of a single pressure microphone, a technique for online circuit adaptation is proposed. Experimental application to a closed acoustic duct results in 14-dB pressure attenuation of a single acoustic mode. Active impedances can be designed by viewing the system model from a feedback control perspective. The resulting electrical impedances, although not passive, are experimentally shown to attenuate four acoustic modes by up to 10 dB.

Year:

2007
Type of Publication:

(01)Article
Supervisor:



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% Autogenerated BibTeX entry
@Article { FleEtal:2007:IFA_2521,
    author={A. Fleming and D. Niederberger and S.O.R. Moheimani and M. Morari},
    title={{Control of Resonant Acoustic Sound Fields by Electrical
	  Shunting of a Loudspeaker}},
    journal={IEEE Transactions on Control Systems Technology},
    year={2007},
    volume={15},
    number={4},
    pages={689--703},
    month=jul,
    url={http://control.ee.ethz.ch/index.cgi?page=publications;action=details;id=2521}
}
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