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The Nokia Distinguished Lectures on Cyber-Physical Systems: "Distributed Control of Energy Management Systems"

Author(s):

M. Morari
Conference/Journal:

University of California, Berkeley, 18 September, 12.00 - 1.00 p.m.

Abstract:

We will describe two examples where model predictive control (originating from the chemical industries) is used to improve the operation and efficiency of energy producers and consumers. River power plants are important contributors to the over 19% of world electricity produced by hydro-electric plants. Built in the natural course of a river, they produce energy by manipulating the water discharge through their facilities. They therefore introduce fluctuations in the river's natural water level and flow, which might conflict with various constraints imposed for environmental and operational purposes.

Motivated by these issues, we discuss the application of model predictive control for regulating the turbine discharge of river power plants, taking into account environmental, navigational and economical constraints and limitations. Large disturbances caused by the operation of locks are particularly investigated, as well as the issue of reducing abrasion by keeping the frequency of turbine discharge adjustments modest. In the US buildings consume 39% of the energy and produce 48% of the carbon emissions. We have recently started a project to utilize weather forecasts for building energy management to reduce consumption and improve comfort. We will summarize the potential benefits of a stochastic optimal control strategy in a wide range of locations and building types in Europe.


The Nokia Distinguished Lectures on Cyber-Physical Systems is a weekly series of seminars, which is broadcasted live to the other CITRIS campuses (UC Davis, UC Santa Cruz, UC Merced).

The lecture series focuses on networked information and control systems. The aim of the series is to gather key researchers in the field to discuss research challenges and emerging trends on next generation networked embedded systems. Applications of interest include mobility tracking in cyber-physical systems, autonomy and robustness, privacy and security of large-scale infrastructure systems, wireless sensing and control for embedded networks.

Link to the lecture video

Year:

2008
Type of Publication:

(05)Plenary/Invited/Honorary Lecture
Supervisor:



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