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Feedback control of sound transmission through a double glazed window


O. Kaiser, Stan Pietrzko, M. Morari

Journal of Sound and Vibration, vol. 263, no. 4, pp. 775-795

One way to tackle the control of stochastic noise in three dimensions is to reduce the sound transmission to the zone of interest. In buildings, windows are often the weak link in protecting the interior from outside noise. In particular, double glazed windows have a poor sound insulation at low frequency around the mass–air–mass resonance (double wall resonance). Since passive means for windows are exhausted, an active controller that increases the transmission loss in the low-frequency range is an attractive approach to reduce the noise level in buildings. Previously suggested feedforward controllers need reference microphones to measure the disturbance outside and error microphones for the adaptation somewhere in the room. For a real window this is unpractical or even unfeasible. These limitations can be overcome with the feedback controller presented here, which only uses sensors and actuators in the cavity of the double glazed window. Four different controllers––two feedforward and two feedback strategies––are designed, implemented and compared. With feedback the noise transmission around the mass–air–mass resonance can be reduced by 13 dB, compared to 18 dB with a feedforward controller.

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% Autogenerated BibTeX entry
@Article { KaiPie:2003:IFA_434,
    author={O. Kaiser and Stan Pietrzko and M. Morari},
    title={{Feedback control of sound transmission through a double
	  glazed window}},
    journal={Journal of Sound and Vibration},
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