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Cooperative Distributed Model Predictive Control for Wind Farms


V. Spudić, C. Conte, M. Baotic, M. Morari

Optimal Control Applications and Methods, DOI: 10.1002/oca.2136

This paper focuses on cooperative distributed model predictive control (MPC) of wind farms, where the farms respond to active power control commands issued by the transmission system operator. A distributed MPC scheme is proposed, which aims at satisfying the requirements imposed by the grid code, while minimizing the farm-wide mechanical structure fatigue. The distributed MPC control law is defined by a global finite-horizon optimal control problem, which is solved at every time step by distributed optimization. The computational approach is completely distributed, i.e. every turbine evaluates its own globally optimal input by considering local measurements and communicating to neighboring turbines only. Two MPC versions are compared, in the first of which the farm-wide power output constraint is implemented as a hard constraint, whereas in the second it is implemented as a soft constraint. As for distributed optimization methods, the alternating direction method of multipliers as well as a dual decomposition scheme based on fast gradient updates are compared. The performance of the proposed distributed MPC controller, as well as the performance of the distributed optimization methods used for its operation, are compared in the simulation on four exemplary scenarios. The results of the simulations imply that the use of cooperative distributed MPC in wind farms is viable both from a performance and from a computational viewpoint.


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% Autogenerated BibTeX entry
@Article { SpuEtal:2014:IFA_4806,
    author={V. Spudi\ć and C. Conte and M. Baotic and M. Morari},
    title={{Cooperative Distributed Model Predictive Control for Wind
    journal={Optimal Control Applications and Methods},
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