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Synchronization of Power Networks: Network Reduction and E ective Resistance


F. Dörfler, F. Bullo

IFAC Workshop on Distributed Estimation and Control in Networked Systems, Annecy, France, pp. 197-202

In transient stability studies in power networks two types of mathematical models are commonly used { the di erential-algebraic structure-preserving model and the reduced dynamic model of interconnected swing equations. This paper analyzes the reduction process relating the two power network models. The reduced admittance matrix is obtained by a Schur complement of the topological network admittance matrix with respect to its bus nodes.We provide a detailed spectral, algebraic, and graph-theoretic analysis of this network reduction process, termed Kron reduction, with particular focus on the e ective resistance. As an application of this analysis, we are able to state concise conditions relating synchronization in the considered structurepreserving power network model directly to the state, parameters, and topology of the underlying network. In particular, we provide a spectral condition based on the algebraic connectivity of the network and a second condition based on the e ective resistance among generators.


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% Autogenerated BibTeX entry
@InProceedings { D_rBul:2010:IFA_4920,
    author={F. D{\"o}rfler and F. Bullo},
    title={{Synchronization of Power Networks: Network Reduction and E
	  ective Resistance}},
    booktitle={IFAC Workshop on Distributed Estimation and Control in
	  Networked Systems},
    address={Annecy, France},
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