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Analysis and Synthesis of Human Movements

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Abstract:
Movement acquisition and analysis can play an essential role when investigating human sensorimotor control as well as when diagnosing neurological and orthopaedic pathologies. In such cases, especially inverse dynamic models can give insight into the neurophysiological and biomechanical processes involved. Similarly, movements can be synthesised by direct dynamic biomechanical models and displayed by graphical animations. This can support the interpretation of movements for therapy planning, medical education, etc. Furthermore, movements that are not only visualised but also displayed by a haptic (force) interface can significantly enhance the rehabilitation of motion impaired subjects. In this presentation two examples will be given that show the symbiosis between movement analysis and synthesis. The first example will depict how gait analysis and biomechanical simulation can serve in the development of neuroprostheses based on functional electrical stimulation (FES) for paraplegic patients. In the second example it will be shown how the acquisition of knee joint movements and their generation on a multimodal simulator that is comprised by a visual, acoustic, and haptic display can support the medical training of knee joint evaluation tests. It will be concluded that the same strategies can be applied also for the rehabilitation of motion impaired subjects.

http://www.lsr.ei.tum.de/~riener
Type of Seminar:
Special Series on Rehabilitation Engineering
Speaker:
Dr.-Ing. Robert Riener
Neuroprosthetics & VR in Medicine Institute of Automatic Control Engineering (LSR) Technische Universitaet Muenchen (TUM) 80290 Muenchen, Germany
Date/Time:
Nov 21, 2002   9:15
Location:

ETH Zentrum, Gloriasstrasse 35, Building ETZ , Room E6
Contact Person:

Prof. M.Morari
No downloadable files available.
Biographical Sketch:
Dr. Robert Riener received the Dipl.-Ing. degree in mechanical engineering and the Dr. degree from the TU München in 1993 and 1997, respectively. In 1993 he joined the Institute of Automatic Control Engineering, where he has pursued research into modelling and control of neuroprostheses. After postdoctoral work at the Centro di Bioingegneria, Politecnico di Milano from 1998 to 1999, he returned to the TU München, where he coordinates several research projects and just finished his Habilitation about VR applied to medicine. His research interests involve human motion control, neuroprosthetics, biomechanical modelling, and VR with haptic feedback. He authored and co-authored more than 100 journal and conference articles. He is a member of IEEE/EMBS and a founding member and director of IFESS.