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Medical Robotics and Computer-Integrated Therapy Delivery: Coupling

The impact of Computer-Integrated Surgery (CIS) on medicine in the next 20 years will be as great as that of Computer-Integrated Manufacturing on industrial production over the past 20 years. A novel partnership between human surgeons and machines, made possible by advances in computing and engineering technology, will overcome many of the limitations of traditional surgery. By extending human surgeons' ability to plan and carry out surgical interventions more accurately and less invasively, CIS systems will address a vital national need to greatly reduce costs, improve clinical outcomes, and improve the efficiency of health care delivery. As CIS systems evolve, we expect to see the emergence of two dominant and complementary paradigms: Surgical cad/cam systems will integrate accurate patient-specific models, surgical plan optimization, and a variety of execution environments permitting the plans to be carried out accurately, safely, and with minimal invasiveness. Surgical Assistant systems will work cooperatively with human surgeons in carrying out precise and minimally invasive surgical procedures. This presentation will focus on the emerging role of medical robots within surgical CAD/CAM systems, with special attention to the synergy between the development of image-guided, robotically-assisted delivery systems and the development of novel minimally invasive localized therapies. It will draw upon current and ongoing research in then newly established NSF Engineering Research Center for Computer-Integrated Surgical Systems and Technology and elsewhere to illustrate these themes.

Type of Seminar:
New Vistas
Prof. Dr Russel H. Taylor
Director of the NSF Engineering Research Center for Computer-Integrated Surgical Systems and Technology, Johns Hopkins University, New Engineering Bldg. 224, 3400 N. Charles Steet, Baltimore, MD 21218-2686, USA
May 22, 2000   17.15

Contact Person:

Prof. Peter Niederer
No downloadable files available.
Biographical Sketch:
Russell H. Taylor received a B.E.S. degree from The Johns Hopkins University in 1970 and a Ph.D. in Computer Science from Stanford in 1976. H joined IBM Research in 1976, where he developed the AML robot language. Following a two year assignment in Boca Raton, he managed robotics and automation technology research activities at IBM Research from 1982 until returning to full time technical work in late 1988. From March 1990 to September 1995, he was manager of Computer Assisted Surgery. In September 1995, Dr. Taylor moved to Johns Hopkins University as a Professor of Computer Science. He is currently a Professor of Computer Science, Radiology, and Mechanical Engineering and is Director of the NSF Engineering Research Center for Computer-Integrated Surgical Systems and Technology at Johns Hopkins. His research interests include robot systems, programming languages, model-based planning, and most recently) the use of imaging, model-based planning, and robotic systems to augment human performance in surgical procedures. He is Editor Emeritus of the IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation, a Fellow of the IEEE, and a member of various honorary societies, panels, editorial boards, and program committees. Dr. Taylor is a member of the scientific advisory board for Integrated Surgical Systems.